Epub Erasmus ä Epub Moriae encomium id est Stultitiae laus Epub ã ä freepe.co

O Elogio da Loucura a mais popular e viva de todas as suas obras satíricas é um panfleto risonho contra o ue ele tinha como os males da humanidade a superstição o fanatismo a ignorância a violência do mundo e do poderio a falsa e grotesca ciência Escrito no começo do século XVI é o golpe de misericórdia assestado nas velhas idéias nos velhos conceitos no mundo ue se desmoronava abalado pelo vento do RenascimentoO Elogio da Loucura começa com um aspecto satírico para depois tomar um aspecto mais sombrio numa série de orações já ue a loucura aprecia a auto depreciação e passa então a uma apreciação satírica dos abusos supersticiosos da doutrina católica e das supostas práticas corruptas da Igreja Católica Romana O ensaio termina com um testamento claro e por vezes emocionante dos ideais cristãos


10 thoughts on “Moriae encomium id est Stultitiae laus

  1. says:

    In Praise of Brexit Folly speaksAbout five hundred years ago a man named Erasmus decided to publish a book praising me Unbelievably no one had this idea before and none since Nobody has the time or the inclination—nobody besides Erasmus that is—to sing my praises apparently All the other gods get their encomiums but not meWell perhaps I should take the neglect as a compliment After all isn’t it the height of folly not to acknowledge the role that folly plays in human life? So is not the neglect a kind of compliment albeit backhanded? Nevertheless some folks need some reminding it seems especially after what happened the other day Oh you know what I’m talking about the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union All I’m hearing left and right is how stupid short sighted narrow minded and above all foolish it was to vote “leave” Well I can’t stand my name being dragged around in the dust any longer so I’m taking this opportunity to peep up and remind you how much you owe meFirst let’s follow in Erasmus’s footsteps and take a short trip around Europe As you might already know Erasmus may justly be called the first true “European” since he was such a cosmopolitan fellow and traveled everywhere Even now the trans European student exchange program is named after Erasmus You might already know that the most popular destination for the Erasmus program is sunny Spain where lots of young Britons like to go and get a tan Guess they won't be coming anySpain’s a lot different now from when Erasmus was alive Back then the Inuisition was in full swing and anybody who wanted to hold public office had to prove his “purity of blood” which meant he didn’t have any Jewish or Muslims ancestors Nowadays we don’t see that kind of behavior any in Spain; the Spaniards decided that it wasn’t such a good idea But the folks in England apparently disagree one UKIP candidate Robert Blay got suspended after saying his rival “isn’t British enough” You see my foolish devotees never disappear but only migrateYes indeed Spain is truly different now Let’s go to the Mediterranean coast to take a closer look It's a veritable mini England We can find British pubs British radio broadcasts British supermarkets selling British products We can see retired old Brits eating baked beans and drinking tea as they take in the southern sun And we can meet some Brits who have lived here for over a decade and who still can’t speak a word of Spanish Yes and between two pints these same Brits can tell you about how terrible is the EU and how there are too many immigrants in England Oh my wonderful followersAs you might recall it was around the time Erasmus wrote this book that England decided to leave another international organization the Catholic Church And the reasons were I suppose similar enough “We don’t want some Italian Pope telling our king which wife he can or can’t behead” Thomas More one of Erasmus’s friends and to whom this book is dedicated disagreed with this and he got beheaded along with the wives Lots of people didn’t like this but honestly I can’t say it was such a bad move Executions are decisive at least Some people still agree with this strategy like the guy who killed the politician Jo Cox It worked for Henry VIII so it can work for usLet’s fast forward a bit in time to the glorious British Empire By Jingo it was big It stretched across the whole world Look at how these colonial officers stroll around Mumbai Nairobi Hong Kong Sydney You’ve got to admire them They don’t ask anybody’s permission to go anywhere they just walk right in with their guns and biscuits Doesn’t take long to subdue the native population when you’ve got the Royal Navy on your side Sure this approach didn’t please everybody But hey it was the high point of British history Nowadays they’re a bit worried about foreign immigrants colonizing them than the reverseNow you see what a big role I’ve played throughout history You see how many decisions and opinions I’ve inspired Oh but now I hear some people saying that the world would be better off without me Sure Folly is important they say but that doesn’t mean Folly is worth praising Fair enough I suppose Yes maybe I do cause a bit of mayhem in the world And yes maybe I take things too far But consider this For every bad decision I inspire I also provide the remedy For without Folly do you think people could overcome the sheer hypocrisy necessary for their decisions? Without me do you think people could congratulate themselves for shooting their own foot? Without my soothing balm do you think people could go to bed with a clean conscience after doing harm to the world? Do you think British people could simultaneously praise the heroic strength of their culture while worrying that a few thousand immigrants could totally destroy their way of life?No Of course not And since happiness is the goal of life and happiness is most easily achieved through folly I think that despite whatever decision I inspire I still deserve a lot of praiseSo long live Erasmus Long live Folly And long live Little England


  2. says:

    Horatian style satire peppered with innumerable references to Greco Roman lore which would take a lifetime to decipher luckily for me ten days into this Sisyphean task I discovered Phil’s site the internet great? The reason the above site is such a treasure is not simply because it spoonfeeds the laziest reader the needful a word usage I picked up in Sri Lanka love it but because it resolves the numerous dilemmas a rookie like me has whilst googling the plethora of nouns verbs peoples and places Take for instance Nereus Folly has it fools deem themselves as handsome as Nereus OK then Nereusthe old man of the sea has 50 beautiful daughters precursor to Poseidon yada yada yadano reference anywhere but anywhere to this ‘ancien’ ever being young or handsome he seems to be always oldish really whenever he crops up Except apparently according to Homer in the Odyssey as per Phil’s site above whereby he is the handsomest of Greeks but also I think the old man of the sea Go figureI spent half a morning I think prior to falling over Phil’s site trying to pinpoint the story of Theophrastus stopping dumb like an ass before an oration the I couldn’t reference it the ambitious I became the things I discovered online I tell you but none relating to Theophrastus translated as divine speaker only to find it a hypocriphical in joke in the 16 c with no attributable source Well har de harApropos these ‘in jokes’ its bloody damn difficult to know when Erasmus is speaking in vain and when he means it In referencing Theuth it becomes clear he is satirizing but what about say Nestor? Is he a good or bad counseller? A wiseman or a fool? The jury is out so how does Erasmus mean it? And how does he get away with it all? Why wasn’t he hung drawn and uartered really not least for his ‘silenisization’trademark just invented this word A small aside did I not go barmy looing up the Sileni of Alcibiades only to find eventually that’s the title of another of Erasmus’s booklets Erasmus is very cheeky like this references himself at least twice in the text and promotes his other adages and what not Back to Folly; there is definitely a meme of making the pope say a Sileni figure So why didn’t Pope Leo X have an apoplexy and smite and smote him? My own take on this is that Erasmus is so clever and manipulative at being Horatian rather than Juvenalian in his critiue that uite uite likely Pope Leo X probably never thought any of the references referred to him particularly you know it concerns some OTHER pope Name dropping aside Folly reads like a dream Erasmus is brilliantly funny and ironical Supposedly following in the footsteps of Greek Satirist Lucian whom needless to say I haven’t read yet but now simply must


  3. says:

    It's a shame that I wasn't able to connect with this book since its themes are always fascinating It depends on the execution naturally The praise turned into one awfully verbose torment I imagined Folly talking to me at some café an incessant chatter using some annoying little voice like having Jiminy Cricket inside your ear prattling nonsense with tons of sugar in his system and me waiting for a coffee that never comes watching people through the window as they walk by alone with their thoughts amid the noise of the street and the silence of their own self centeredness I fill your minds with mirth fancies and jollities she said And all I wanted was to inject some sanity into her bloodstream so she would shut the hell up It's a short work some gems here and there but I spent days and days picturing myself turning the last page and freeing myself from such pompous goddess I read and already forgot most of it I wasn't even awake to relish its supposedly satirical delights Perhaps I just wasn't in the right frame of mind for this But my levels of curiosity are not enough to try this some other time I only chose to read it now since I'm planning on writing an article on the subject and thought Eramus' essay might be another source of inspiration It wasn't but I may use it for articles on monotony and how to lower expectationsMay 06 18 Actual rating 25 stars Later on my blog


  4. says:

    FOLLY IN PROFUSION BY ALL MEANS “Invite a wise man to a feast and he'll spoil the company either with morose silence or troublesome disputes Take him out to dance and you'll swear a cow would have done it better An allegory of Folly uentin Massys 1510“Throw off the shackles this infernal uest for wisdom has put on you you blasted bores” Slightly paraphrased so goes the core tenet of the gospel that most whimsical of metaphysical entities Folly – using Erasmus as a vessel evangelizes to her audience which if we can trust the veracity of her words has huddled together in the town suare to hear her speak At first apprehension is palpable in the air but when the lady finally makes her appearance her sheer outlandish aspect brings delight to all She has them in the palm of her handWhat follows is a feverish spectacle Fiercely denouncing the detritus that rigid intellectualism unavoidably leads to as an antidote Folly offers up a passionate apologia for unadulterated joie de vivre all delivered in a dizzying bordering on logorrheic machine gun rhythm Consciously self aggrandizing Folly is claiming sole responsibility for all the enjoyments and fruits life has provided to us poor miserable sinners Simultaneously and in the most seemingly guileless manner conceivable our gifted orator effectively is laying waste to the in 16th century Europe again in vogue school of thought which was gifted to us by the ancient GreeksTo her what matter such studious men as Socrates Plato Aristotle Diogenes? Puh Drivel And what about their Roman successors that famous stoic Seneca or that paragon of wisdom emperor Marcus Aurelius? In their faces she spits No she'll take playwrights of comedies and satirists glorious scribes such as Aristophanes Juvenal and Apuleius over them any day Great salt of the earth type chaps all They saw the common sense in giving oneself over to sweet soothing folly Not content with slaying these sacred cows even she dares to conclude her rant by firing off a critiue of the stodgy yet still powerful Catholic clergy Our impish friend might as well have lighted the Pope’s mitre on fire during Midnight Mass on Christmas and achieve the same effectOne can only imagine the initial bafflement experienced at all this being flung with such ferocity at a crowd during the height of the early Renaissance Compared to everything which they had been taught to respect this is a radical message just as Jesus' gospel was in its day But this sure looked like a most unorthodox picture of a messiah let alone a redeemer Additional reservations crop up After all folly isn’t supposed to be a good thing now is it? Isn’t its presumed opposite wisdom to be sought wherever it can be found? We call them pearls of wisdom for a reason don’t we? Pearls are pristine beautiful perfected smoothness something to be treasured And if not for any immediate practical reason isn’t its acuisition its exchange with others a deep pleasure of its own?On each and every count “no” Folly exclaims It spells doom for every chance at emotional spiritual even material prosperity Be foolish be unthinking act impulsively and earthy paradise is yours If you do you'd be adhering to the original Christian message to boot and be rewarded in the afterlife as well she adds setting the minds of her fellow Christians at ease Jesus' apostles to her weren't deep thinkers and were never supposed to be but instead acted instinctual like a child would They merely saw a simple truth being revealed to them and found peace and contentment from that alone no further inuiry was needed Shooting above their station trying to be than they were to know than they did didn't even cross their minds Fools? Perhaps Yet on the whole deliriously happy even in the most dire of circumstances such as during the early persecution of their sect As a panegyric In Praise of Folly is nothing short of exemplary even if you don't remotely agree with its premise But it can only be considered as such when taken at face value It's never entirely clear whether one should do soA first suspicion arises when a subtle undercurrent of irony is detected precisely because of the exaggerated almost baroue delivery It is as if Erasmus rightly foreseeing controversy is deftly using the form of satire just in case he is threatened with excommunication or worse For that reason too if a finely balanced systematically laid out philosophical text is what you seek this most assuredly isn’t any of the kind It's exceedingly rambling at times But by Jove is it joyful bitingly funny endlessly insightful speaking of those all important perennial human truths And isn't it exactly this approach which if the one addressed willingly opens himself up to it is the spark needed to ignite to force him to reassess his most cherished of virtues? For a former now gratefully reformed idolater of wisdom it did just thatWe'll end on a sweet note Folly my darling I misjudged you and most shamefully even derided your works in the past thoughtless grinch that I am For this grievous error amends have to be made Let's have a drink my treat promise get bloody sauced and be joined in merriment together Huzzah


  5. says:

    CAN I HAVE AN HALLELUJAH? “To know nothing is the sweetest life”—Sophocles Kindle Locations 263 264 “Give me any instance then of a man as wise as you can fancy him possible to be that has spent all his younger years in poring upon books and trudging after learning in the pursuit whereof he suanders away the pleasantest time of his life in watching sweat and fasting; and in his latter days he never tastes one mouthful of delight but is always stingy poor dejected melancholy burthensome to himself and unwelcome to others pale lean thin jawed sickly contracting by his sedentariness such hurtful distempers as bring him to an untimely death like roses plucked before they shatter Thus have you the draught of a wise man’s happiness the object of a commiserating pity than of an ambitioning envy” Kindle Locations 701 706Who knew there was so much to be said In Praise of Folly? Apparently there is In his panegyric of that name Erasmus with tongue planted firmly in cheek and sometimes sounding somewhat like H L Mencken to my mind’s ear says it all He’s converted me Bring on passion and frivolity Stuff reason and wisdom Erasmus was a heretic’s heretic—as irascible a curmudgeon as they come Gotta love ’im But his writing can be than a bit tedious to read Long long extra long sentences Counted 235 words in ONE sentence I remember being scolded if my sentences went beyond twenty wordsRecommendation Every student—scholastic or autodidact—should welcome exposure to Erasmus I’m glad I finally got around to reading him “Farewell live long drink deep be jolly Ye most illustrious votaries of folly” Kindle Locations 1793 1794 Open Road Media Kindle Edition 1828 Kindle Locations


  6. says:

    In general I like to think that there is progress in the arts that geniuses of a later age are likely to be broader and engaging than geniuses of an earlier age because they have the example of earlier men and women from which to learn Lately I've been having a hard time holding onto this belief; that I've finally got around to reading Praise of Folly has made it harder still Erasmus combines a mildly annoying love of classical literature with an amazing ability to wield irony and social satire Where are the men and women with this ability today I ask? Maybe they're all off writing 'deep' 'profound' novels about the terrifying depths of the human condition or some shit On the other hand PoF has also given me a way to hold onto my knee jerk modernistprogressive tendencies because while novelists today are forced by economics MFA programs and low expectations to write guff Erasmus' audience was Thomas More The problem I now see is not that literature isn't progressing; it's that the readership of literature is regressing Conveniently since I teach literature this gives me a full heart and clear eyes I must force the world's readers to advance so that they can once againfor the first time read books this hilariously coruscating and intelligent To the barricades Komrad In that spirit I recommend this book to anyone who wants to get better at being a person; just trying to keep track of what Erasmus 'really' means so Erasmus writes foolishly about the foolishness of St Paul who advises foolishness will raise your intelligence; if you succeed you're a better woman than I As for this edition I think the annotator makes a bit too much of the 'difficulties' involved in distinguishing between Folly's 'unironic' praise of simple Chrisianity and her ironic praise of intricate theology The difference is uite clear the former know that and how they are foolish and in so doing become genuinely wise; the latter don't know how stupid they're being and so for all their knowledge are truly fools Also what sort of a world do we live in that needs to annotate Folly's hatred of merchants with For Erasmus the greed and self interest of merchants was socially counter productive For everyone except a few nutbag Randians the greed and self interest of merchants is socially counter productive Mercantile activity might not be bad in itself; greedy and self interested mercantile activity not only harms people but horror of horrors distorts the market Nothing is so trivial as treating serious subjects in a trivial manner; and similarly nothing is entertaining than treating trivialities in such a way as to make it clear that you are doing anything but trifle with them 6 7The old man loves his old woman as the boy loves his girl This happens everywhere and meets with smiles but nevertheless it's the sort of absurdity which is the binding force in society 34What was it which recalled the Roman mob to harmony in teh state when it was plotting violence a philosopher's speech? Not a bit of it It was a silly childish fable made up about hte belly and other parts of the body 40It's a true sign of prudence to be willing to overlook things along with the rest of the world 45What's the harm in the whole audience hissing you if you clap yourself? 49Among all the votive offerings you see covering the walls of certain churches have you ever seen one put up for an escape from folly or for the slightest gain in wisdom? 65The saint will protect you if you try to imitate his life 66They're uite wrong if they think man's happiness depends on actual facts; it depends on his opinions real facts often take a lot of trouble to acuire an opinion on the other hand is very easily formed and it is eually conducive to happiness or even so 70 1The funniest thing of all is when there's an exchange of compliments and appreciation a mutual back scratching 79They insist that it detracts from the grandeur of sacred writing if they're obliged to obey the rules of grammar It seems a most peculiar prerogative of theologians to be the only people permitted to speak ungrammatically; however they share this privilege with a lot of working men 95Picture the prince such as some of them are today a man ignorant of the law well nigh an enemy to his people's advantage while intent on his personal convenience a dedicated voluptuary a hater of learning freedom and truth without a thought for the interest of his country and measuring everything in terms of his own profit and desires 105As the wise man despises money it takes good care to keep out of his way 114I'm a man who despises no one but himself and wants nothing so much as to be at peace with the world 162


  7. says:

    Let Stupidity Reign7 August 2016 Amsterdam Well what better book to read when you are in the Netherlands than Erasmus' tributed to stupidity Okay I'm sure he is not being serious though it is difficult to tell at times particularly when he suggests that by being an idiot one does become healthy wealthy but not necessarily wise – actually that would be uite the opposite Actually healthy is probably not necessarily something that comes either but certainly wealth seems to come to a lot of people who simply don't seem to have all that many brains and that a lot of people are running around with pieces of paper that seem to claim that they are actually really intelligent but in reality are complete idiots Actually that is not at all surprising because my Dad who was an academic has actually confirmed that one thing that academics seem to lack is common sense – they may have a university degree but they haven't made their way in the school of life where they learn that doing stupid things doesn't necessarily pay off Actually what Erasmus was getting at was that in the Europe of his time it seemed to benefit one a lot to be stupid than to actually be wise For instance there are a lot of philosophers out there that don't seem to have all that much to rub together – actually being an artist doesn't seem to do all that much for you at least while you are alive as people seem to suggest the only famous poet is a dead poet and I suspect that is also the case when it comes to other artists unless of course you happen to be Justin Beiber but then again I guess he goes to prove that Erasmus actually has a point Look everybody could rile against bankers lawyers and the like but the problem is that as long as there is money and trade they are going to be with us – which is probably why Lenin rather unsuccessfully mind you tried to do away with commerce Actually we need to also consider the world in which Erasmus was running around – it wasn't like today where the bankers lawyers and such would actually be the rulers of the country – that was the job of the aristocrats the Netherlands was still a couple of hundred years away from becoming a republic – however they still managed to dig their fingers into anything and everything that they could and if you wanted to see a prime example of stupidity then you need look no further than the aristocracy It reminds me of a uote by Kurt Vonnegut – the job of a lawyer is to move money from one point to another and take some for themselves though the reality is not a bit but as much as they can get away with they'll take all of it if they can generate enough billing hours Yet this is the foolishness that Erasmus is poking fun at – the fact that people are so caught up with the acuisition of wealth that they don't actually see the beauty of the world around them In fact as long as they can surround themselves in a bubble of niceness such as the Gardens by the Bay in Singapore – and that is a classic example – the city itself is beautiful but jump across the straights of Malacca you will see an industrial hell hole – externalising to the extreme it doesn't matter what goes on outside of their circle of comfort as long as it doesn't disturb that circle However this is foolishness to the extreme – they want their comfort but comfort doesn't necessarily euate with happiness I have lived in a big house with a swimming pool but as soon as all my friends left after a three day party I was all alone again and it all fell apart as well and it wasn't as if I had money either – I didn't – it was just that I managed to score a room in a really cool sharehouse and when I everybody moved out I was left with the entire house to myself They say that there is no such thing as a stupid uestion only stupid people and I am sure this was going through Erasmus' mind at the time The thing that makes a person stupid is because they don't ask uestions and the reason that they don't ask uestions is because they don't want to seem to be stupid but by not wanting to appear stupid they make themselves stupid by not asking any uestions At other times the reason they don't ask uestions is because they believe that they already know the answer or if the answer is wrong that is irrelevant because as far as they are concerned if that is their answer then that is the correct answer Have you ever tried to argue with a stupid person? If you have then you'll know what I mean though of course because we don't accept their answer and their answer is actually right then it makes us the stupid person The conclusion of the book comes down to a criticism of the church Like Martin Luther Erasmus went to Rome and was horrified at what he saw In fact he completely ruined his career by writing books such as Praise of Folly however I will leave it at that because I am reading the next section of the book and I will deal with criticism of then church therein


  8. says:

    Surprisingly funny and witty full of hyperbole and inversion like a literary carnival 35 stars The chief element of happiness is this to want to be what you areJan Steen The World Upside DownA real renaissance work full of allusions to ancient Greece and Rome and a goddess who tells of her deeds for the world Folly is definitely not modest and attest all of mankind’s achievements to herself Hereby she puts herself suarely into everything that makes humans sometimes infuriatingly so human Friendship kindness love; the characteristics Folly claims basically distinguish us from an AITo convince us she uotes a multitude of sayings Erasmus his own Proverbs from the Adagia of Erasums and ancient literary works to strengthen her case and meanwhile takes on the philosophers theologians courtiers sovereigns and cardinals of his age Section 59 shows the true focus of Folly and Erasmus a scathing indictment of the pope and his greedy warmongering corruption Here the link to the world of Thomas More and Wolf Hall embroiled in the Reformation is most clearTo achieve this sometimes convoluted explanations of the Bible which made me think of Foucault's Pendulum arkane explanation of Kabbalah phenomena are used to support the case maybe meant ironically?Section 66 has a very interesting standoff between materialists who search for success and material gains versus the true Christians close to insanity in their efforts to put the soul and belief firstIt is very clear that Erasmus puts emphasis and value at the substance of belief over the form of rituals be it in grammar or in ChristianityAlso uite modernly the praise of uncritical self love to help us all deal with cruel rational reality feels kind of self help likeFinally Erasmus foreshadows William Shakespeare And what is all this life but a kind of comedy wherein men walk up and down in one another's disguises and act their respective parts till the property man brings them back to the attiring houseAll in all this makes In Praise of Folly an interesting book of a famous Dutchman


  9. says:

    You know before I read this I imagined it was satireI couldn't have been wrong Indeed after listening to Dame Folly goddess extraordinaire I think I will convert myself wholeheartedly to her teachingsThere has never been a persuasive tract in literature Hide thy wisdom folks There is no greater treasure than to proclaim just how much folly you possessIt's especially good for churchmen and writers The former generally do not know they are being made fun of and the latter can derive a sort of sick satisfaction that they than any other breed of fools exemplify the teachings of Dame FollyFor who else could go about the rest of their lives putting words down for nothing than faint praise outright scorn and little to no money for their extensive efforts?Exactly


  10. says:

    Hard for me not to crush on Erasmus cosmopolitan pacifist menippean Learned in ancient writings interested in allegiance to neither reformation nor counter reformation but rather in democratization of Scripture through vernacular translation simultaneous to the construction of critical editions of Scripture in original languages Not however to be approached casually he expects the reader to get the jokes and keep up with him Some minimal knowledge of the ancient literatures and philosophies is necessary the Norton is as usual inconsistent it is cautious to footnote the plot of The Odyssey but is unable to muster even the slightest explanation of Timon Text here is The Praise of Folly supplemented by The Complaint of Peace a bunch of dialogues satirical and doctrinal letters and appended modern essays Supplementals enhance value of principal text Modern essays are a mixed bag; standout is Bakhtin naturally whereas the editor's essay while informative is politically philistine Principal text augmented also by period graphics including great cover by Holbein As with all Norton Criticals sufficient merely for an undergraduate course or faking one's way through cocktail party chatter with true experts on the subject provided there's enough to drinkVery much a classic reuired reading for all educated persons The Praise of Folly is saturated with several layers of irony so it's hard to know exactly what it's doing Certainly a joke on St Thomas More as it is very much a mock encomium and Greek title is Morias Enkomium Text takes on everyone the crazed the aged power poverty law lawyers medicine war and so on Could be read as part of the long rightwing tradition of jeremiad that alternately despairs and rages when all that is solid melts into air but I personally think that E is too sophisticated for all thatGo read now lest ye remain benighted