[ Free Textbooks ] Krakatoa: The Day the World Exploded: August 27, 1883 Author Simon Winchester – Freepe.co

The Bestselling Author Of The Professor And The Madman And The Map That Changed The World Examines The Enduring And World Changing Effects Of The Catastrophic Eruption Off The Coast Of Java Of The Earth S Most Dangerous Volcano Krakatoa The Legendary Annihilation In Of The Volcano Island Of Krakatoa The Name Has Since Become A Byword For A Cataclysmic Disaster Was Followed By An Immense Tsunami That Killed Nearly Forty Thousand People Beyond The Purely Physical Horrors Of An Event That Has Only Very Recently Been Properly Understood, The Eruption Changed The World In Ways Than Could Possibly Be Imagined Dust Swirled Round The Planet For Years, Causing Temperatures To Plummet And Sunsets To Turn Vivid With Lurid And Unsettling Displays Of Light The Effects Of The Immense Waves Were Felt As Far Away As France Barometers In Bogot And Washington, DC Went Haywire Bodies Were Washed Up In Zanzibar The Sound Of The Island S Destruction Was Heard In Australia And India And On Islands Thousands Of Miles Away Most Significant Of All In View Of Today S New Political Climate The Eruption Helped To Trigger In Java A Wave Of Murderous Anti Western Militancy Among Fundamentalist Muslims One Of The First Outbreaks Of Islamic Inspired Killings Anywhere Simon Winchester S Long Experience In The World Wandering As Well As His Knowledge Of History And Geology Give Us An Entirely New Perspective On This Fascinating And Iconic Event As He Brings It Telling Back To Life Over the weekend I read Krakatoa The Day the World Exploded, August 27, 1883, a book in which Simon Winchester has the gall to make fun of a geographically mistitled film called Krakatoa, East of Java, while himself failing to provide an adequate map of the region There are historical maps, there are maps of where the sound of the explosion could be heard, there are numerous diagrams of fault lines and continental and oceanic plates, and there is even a black and white reproduction of a painting showing a marvelously colorful post Krakatoa sunset but there isn t a single map showing where the volcanic island lay in respect to its near neighbors Java and Sumatra Nor is there a map showing the pre eruption island to scale, nor one showing the progress of the fatal tsunamis.That oversight could stand in for the faults of the book in general Winchester reads like a fusty but enthusiastic professor whose interests rove over many disciplines He deals with the history of the theories of evolution and plate tectonics, his own experiences researching paleomagnetism, the economics of the spice trade, telegraphy he provides a lengthy history of the Dutch colonization of Indonesia These sections are individually interesting, but they feel like the rote exposition of a disaster film you just want to get to the explosion Winchester seems to be so excited about providing a wealth of hors d oeuvres and desserts that he neglects the main course.The description of the explosion itself is made complicated by the way the author flips back and forth in time, telling each source s story in full before moving to the vantage point of the next observer Nearly all of the sources are Dutch or English, though the English are no than tangentially involved in the story The than thirty thousand Javanese who died in the tsunamis following Krakatoa s eruption receive short shrift, since the author is interested in recounting the subsequent studies of doughty Englishmen with their barometers He makes the interesting point that Krakatoa blew up at a crucial stage in the early history of telegraphy and wire news services but does not pursue the point than anecdotally.The book was full of interesting information, but it felt slapdash, motivated by the author s indulgence of his own curiosities rather than his anticipation of the reader s I came away from it with an intense desire to re read what remains my favorite book about Krakatoa fanciful though it is The Twenty One Balloons by William P ne du Bois. Simon Winchester could turn your decrepit granny s boring old stories into lively, magical tales He has a way of putting the reader into the past while making them feel as if the historical subjects he writes about are fresh and very much of the present Krakatoa The Day the World Exploded is no exception Though this raging volcano s past exploits in the form of catastrophic explosions can only be guessed at for lack of reliable eyewitnesses aside from its late 1800s eruption, Winchester still manages to crowd your senses with the sights, sounds, smells and very feel of the whole experience Why only 4 stars for such great writing The exposition gets boggy at times Because there is so little information on the history of Krakatoa s first supposed explosions, extraneous supporting data had to be collected and explained, and that can be long winded, meandering and at times tedious But if you like history and don t mind some educational detours, Krakatoa is well worth your time. Another masterful book by Simon Winchester I really enjoyed this one so much so that I ve bought a copy for my father for Father s Day When I was in Primary School one of my teachers once spoke about Krakatoa Most of what he said wasn t true, for instance, he said that the tidal wave went around the world twice Naturally, the 8 year old me had visions of a huge wall of water drowning the world Krakatoa was bad, but not quite Biblical Winchester is a pure delight to read He has such a vast spread of interests and a keen and unfailing eye for the ludicrous and the amusing that it is hard to tell what delight is next in store The discussion on the Circus that was in town at the time of the bang was magical exactly the sort of thing that I find irresistible The idea of the man who caught cannonballs for a living losing three fingers the first time he tried it I mean, it is almost Pythonesque But it is the breadth of themes that impresses the most about his books This isn t just a book about Krakatoa as interesting as the parts of this book are that are directly about Krakatoa but also about such topics as the growth of militant Islam in Colonial Indonesia, plate tectonics, the biological diversity of the Australian and Asian sides of the Indonesian Islands and the nature of the Dutch East Indies Company up until the time of the explosion This would make a wonderful documentary series for television I think geology is an utterly fascinating science and one which is so incredibly recent much of what we really know about this science we have only really known since the mid 1960s This book covers this by a man who played a minor part in one of the discoveries that made this new science come to be.But the stories about the people who survived the eruption the boat loaded with paraffin trying to avoid hot rocks falling out of the sky, for example sounded like something made up for a film staring Harrison Ford I can see I m going to have to read all of his books now but what is one to do In Krakatoa The Day the World Exploded Simon Winchester again weaves the subtle magic of telling a factual story with the fascination that is too often reserved for thrillers Krakatoa is a real life thriller, the most long lastingly impressive volcanic eruption in so many ways and all are explored in this book.First there is the historical element 1883 when the final eruption occurred is definitely historical, but recent enough that there are a lot of records and eye witness reports to draw from, so it is well documented history Before the eruption is covered however we are given an insightful, in depth look at the social political situation in the region How the Dutch came to be in power there, the wealth of the spice trade, the intricacies of the people living in the region, all these things are covered in sufficient detail that someone who is coming to the story with little actual knowledge of the region is well versed before Krakatoa is addressed.Then there is the geological story, the science of how volcanoes in general and Krakatoa in particular occur and behave, but in order to appreciate the science in the time of the eruption we are given the history of how geology rose to be the science it is today And despite having read a fair bit of geology and plate tectonics I am always surprised all over again at how recently plate tectonics became recognised.So there is an awful lot of information surrounding the area and event before we reach the actual eruption Now I personally love this type of storytelling, the long meander to discuss all the interesting things surrounding the event, so that when the main eruption happens there are no questions, no confusion Despite enjoying this reading experience I am not blind to the fact that it takes time and attention to read This is not a fact book that you can knock off in a couple of sessions, this requires attention to get the most out of it.When we reach the eruption it is breathtaking, exciting and all that was worth waiting for, totally worth the teasers in the lead up.The part in which Winchester describes the revolution that led to modern independent Indonesia is an eye opener He links the regional rise of Islam and the Arabian peninsular s influence to the violence which, while it did lead to independence from colonisation in the region, is uncannily echoed by international Islamic behavior and goals It was an eye opener for me because while I know Islam was a prevalent religion in Indonesia, I never knew how it came to be so Now I know.The section after the eruption was an unexpected joy The detailed description of the geological changes and the successional biology of the islands re establishing themselves was fascinating, as was the peak into the future of what might yet happen with Anak Krakatoa All in all a long and satisfying reading experience. Krakatoa Krakatoa Krakatoa.Simon Winchester does it again He lured me into purchasing this book because of the subject itself the monstrous volcanic explosion that became the byword for catastrophe And once again, Winchester let me down The man does his homework, he gets the research done, and he has his facts in line But He Is Boring.How can a book about a volcano that obliterated an island and launched a massive killer tsunami be dull I mean, Charlton Heston should be running through the pages or something The reader should be cowering beneath the bedsheets with a flashlight, terrified of what might erupt from the next page to be turned We re talking about a disaster that lifted a SHIP and carried it into the jungle, where it rested with its entombed sailors for decades Wow.But He Is Boring.Three stars for excellent research and factual knowledge, but a finger puppet re enactment would be thrilling.Book Season Summer never turn your back on the sea Entertaining, interesting and tedious sometimes all at once , Winchester s take on the eruption of Krakatoa and its after effects is a smorgasbord of general geological history, historical re enactment of the eruption and the end of Dutch colonialism in what is now known as Indonesia With that said, my three star rating reflects some of my cons with this book He tends to repeat himself about specific things over and over and the chronology is off putting he goes back and forth between before and after the eruption and then back before causing slight confusion I enjoyed learning about plate tectonics continental drift theory once again, but I can see how some may find it tedious since Krakatoa isn t really referred to in detail until later on in the book.As I enjoyed The Professor and the Madman A Tale of Murder, Insanity and the Making of the Oxford English Dictionary, this wasn t as enjoyable, but doesn t put me off him completely. Apakah suatu kebanggaan bila sebuah bencana pernah menjadi buah bibir internasional Belum hilang di benak kita bencana tsunami di Banda Aceh dan sekitarnya yang menelan korban jiwa lebih dari 100.000 jiwa Oktober 2010 lalu, erupsi Merapi turut menambah catatan bencana terbesar bagi negeri kita ini Letusan Gunung vulkanik telah lama menjadi langganan bagi wilayah negeri kita Rekor yang tidak terkalahkan adalah letusan Gunung Toba yang membentuk caldera Danau Toba, serta letusan Gunung Tambora di Sumbawa, letusan Gunung Agung di Bali 1963 , serta letusan Krakatau 1883.Sebuah gunung dengan puncak lancip Gunung tersebut mengeluarkan asap Di sekelilingnya ada es Itulah gambar pada cover buku ini Lukisan tersebut berjudul Sunset over the Ice on Chaumont Bay, Lake Ontario yang dilukis oleh pelukis Amerika, Frederic Edwin Church yang terinspirasi oleh letusan krakatau.Simon Winchester membagi buku ini dalam beberapa bagian Bagian pertama mendeksripsikan nusantara secara umum, bagaimana awalnya Eropa berkenalan dengan Hindia Timur lewat komoditas lada dan kopi Termasuk pula kedatangan ilmuwan yang terkenal dengan garis maya Wallace, yaitu Albert Russel Wallace Bagian Kedua mengenai saat saat terjadinya ledakan Winchester merangkum semua laporan dari seluruh dunia yang menceritakan peristiwa 27 Agustus 1883 tersebut Bagian ketiga tentang lahirnya putra Krakatau, yang sekarang biasa dinamakan Anak Krakatau Fenomena ini menarik perhatian para ilmuwan dari seluruh dunia, termasuk minat Winchester sendiri terhadap kawasan ini Pada bagian akhir dituliskan juga pengalaman Winchester ketika mengunjungi kawasan krakatau serta merekomendasikan bacaan bacaan lanjutan bagi pembaca yang ingin mengetahui lebih dalam tentang Krakatau.Batavia dan sekitarnyaPada bagian awal, Winchester menuliskan tentang bagaimana awalnya Bangsa Eropa mengenal nusantara, hingga Belanda membangun bentengnya di tempat yang dinamakan Batavia Cornelis de Houtman membangun jalur awal perdagangan antara nusantara dan Amsterdam Perdagangan lada hitam Jawa yang menggiurkan Belanda yang sekaligus menjadi amunisi baru untuk mematahkan perdagangan rempah rempah yang selama ini dicengkeram oleh Portugis.Ada peristiwa menarik bagaimana ketika Jan Pieterszoon Coen menjabat Gubernur Jenderal pada tahun 1618 JP Coen bermaksud untuk membuat benteng pertahanan untuk melindungi pedagang pedagangnya dari ancaman Inggris yang sudah lama di sana JP Coen memperkirakan bahwa imperialis lokal akan terjadi Namun ia menyadari bahwa kekuatan militernya kalah jauh dibandingkan Inggris Ia meminta bantuan ke Amsterdam agar kekuatan ditambah, namun permintaan tersebut ditolak JP Coen berlayar ke Ambon dengan maksud memperoleh kekuatan tambahan di sana.Pasukan Inggris mengepung benteng kecil Belanda itu Hal itu membuat jengkel penjaga Gudang Belanda, Tn Van den Broecke, ia mengeluarkan gulungan kain sutra yang bernilai mahal dari gudangnya untuk dijadikan tameng Lalu Inggris dan sultan muda setempat bertengkar mengenai hasil rampasan itu Kemudian Sultan Banten datang memerangi Inggris dan sultan muda setempat untuk memastikan bahwa tidak satupun yang mendapat barang rampasan Belanda Namun, tiba tiba Inggris meninggalkan tempat itu dan Sultan Banten menggulingkan sultan muda itu Tempat itu kosong, dan ketika JP Coen kembali, ia heran tidak ada lagi pihak musuh Jan Pieterszoon Coen, pendiri Hindia Timur Belanda, bisa mendapatkan penghargaan untuk itu Sedangkan penamaan ibu kota yang didirikan tersebut sebenarnya merupakan kehormatan yang harus ditujukan kepada para tentara yang tak pernah disebut sebut dan bahkan hampir dilupakan, serta pastinya bukan hak Coen h.48.Keberadaan Batavia selanjutnya menjadi penting, sebab di kota inilah banyak ahli ilmu pengetahuan berdatangan dan menjadi jembatan informasi ke dunia luar mengabarkan kejadian dahsyat letusan Krakatau.Penemuan terkaitPada tahun 1858, Philip Sclater menerbitkan makalah On The General Geographical Distribution of The Members of The Class Aves yang menyimpulkan bahwa ada enam wilayah zoology yang ia namakan Palaearctic, Aethiopian, Indian, Australasian, Nearctic and Neotropical Ia mengkhususkan penelitiannya pada jenis jenis burung Ia menemukan bahwa jarang sekali ada burung beo di Jawa, tetapi ada banyak burung beo di Sulawesi, Papua, dan Timor tidak kakatua dan nuri di bagian barat, tetapi banyak di bagian timur tidak ada Burung Murai di Bali Hal ini menyimpulkan bahwa geografi punya pengaruh utama dalam zoologi dan botani, tidak terbatas pada zona iklim tertentu saja Alfred Russel Wallace mempelajari gejala tersebut dan meneliti lebih lanjut Ia menyimpulkan tidak hanya burung burung yang menempati wilayah geografis tertentu, tetapi juga berbagai jenis tumbuhan dan hewan lainnya.Winchester menceritakan sedikit biografi Wallace di buku ini Wallace dianggap satelit nya Charles Darwin yang lebih dahulu tenar dengan teori evolusinya Kesimpulan Wallace mengenai keberadaan spesies di muka bumi ini didapatkannya di sebuah tempat di negeri ini, di kepulauan rempah rempah, Maluku Ia berkesimpulan bahwaindividu individu yang tersingkirkan dari kehidupan ini, pasti secara keseluruhan, jauh lebih lemah daripada individu yang selamat h.83 Ia mengirimkan hasil penelitiannya di nusantara kepada kediaman Charles Darwin untuk diteruskan ke pakar Geologi yang juga sahabat dekat Charles Darwin, Charles Lyell Namun, malah Darwin yang terpesona dengan makalah Wallace tersebut Ia mempelajarinya dan menemukan bahwa makalah Wallace inilah kunci misteri teori evolusinya Dan dengan bangganya, Darwin menerbitkan buku On The Origin of Species yang terkenal itu Wallace sendiri tidak terkenal di negerinya Inggris Charles Lyell sudah menyarankan pada Darwin agar menyatakan sejumlah pujian pada Wallace, namun Darwin tidak mau mengakuinya Ia beranggapan idenya dan ide Wallace sama Sayangnya, bukti yang paling mendasar tentang evolusi ada di tangan Wallace Penemuan Wallace kedua yaitu gagasan tentang adanya evolusi bumi Hal itu disampaikannya di depan Linnean Society, 1859 Ia menjelaskan fakta yang ditemukannya, sebagai contoh ketika melintas dari Pulau Bali ke Lombok Di Bali, ia menemukan Burung Murai pemakan buah dan burung pelatuk, sementara di Lombok, burung itu tidak ada lagi Padahal laut yang memisahkannya hanya 24 km Perbedaan mencolok apabila membandingkan hewan hewan dan tumbuhan antara Sumatra dengan pulau pulau seperti Sulawesi, Maluku, dan Papua Fakta fakta seperti ini hanya dapat dijelaskan dengan penerimaan luas atas perubahan cepat di permukaan bumi h.90 Ia memisahkan Indonesia berdasarkan jenis hewan dan tumbuhan yang ditemuinya menjadi dua bagian Dari bagian utara yaitu perbatasan Pulau Sulawesi dan Pulau Kalimantan hingga ke Selatan ke Selat Lombok yang memisahkan Pulau Bali dan Pulau Lombok Atas hal tersebut, garis tersebut diberikan nama Garis Wallace Wallace s Line Penemuan Wallace ini dilanjutkan dengan penelitian mengenai apa yang terjadi di bawah bumi Alfred Lothar Wegener menyatakan bahwa dulu bumi terdiri dari benua tunggal, yang kemudian terbagi dua yang dinamakan benua Laurasia dan Gondwananland Kemudian dua bagian benua itu pecah hingga menjadi 7 benua sekarang ini Felix Vening Meinesz melanjutkan penelitian ini Penelitiannya di Laut Jawa menunjukkan adanya penurunan dramatis dalam kekuatan bidang gravitasional di tempat tersebut Penemuannya ini dilanjutkan dengan pengembangan teori lempeng tektonik.Teori lempeng tektonik diperkenalkan oleh Geologist asal Kanada, John Tuzo Wilson Ia menyatakan bahwa Kepulauan Hawai berasal dari pergerakan di bawah laut Samudra Pasifik Wilson menegaskan apa yang menjadi teori Wagener dan pendahulunya, bahwa Bumi ini bergerak Lempeng tektonik, pada intinya, adalah cara bumi berlaku dengan kehilangan panasnya yang tetap Sejumlah besar panas terakumulasi selama formasi planet lebih dari 4.500 juta tahun lalu, dan radioaktivitas alami h.143 Lempeng lempeng ini bergerak jauh di bawah permukaan laut dengan arah arah tertentu Di beberapa tempat, seperti di kawasan Krakatau lempengan ini turun dengan elevasi tertentu ke arah inti bumi subduksi penunjaman Pertumbukan antarlempeng inilah yang menyebabkan terjadinya gempa Serangkaian fakta fakta ilmiah yang diungkapkan oleh Ahli ilmu pengetahuan di atas, menjadi pembuka yang mau tidak mau membosankan bagi sebagian pembaca seperti saya Mungkin Winchester juga turut memamerkan ilmu geologinya Ia bisa menulis tentang geologi dengan dengan fakta fakta yang berkaitan Jadi, tidak heran mengapa Indonesia sering terjadi gempa tektonik, sebab Indonesia adalah pertemuan lempeng daratan Eurasia dan Australia serta lempeng samudra Pasifik dan Hindia Satu satunya wilayah yang tidak terkena pengaruh lempeng ini di Pulau Kalimantan terutama Kalimantan Tengah Apa yang terjadi di Krakatau sesungguhnya adalah peristiwa alamiah yang terjadi di dalam perut bumi Lempeng samudra bertumbukan dengan lempeng benua, hanya itulah yang penting, lebih detilnya kita perlu sesi tersendiri untuk diberikan pencerahan oleh ahlinya atau membaca halaman 149 152.Anggapan lama bagaimana terbentuk Kepulauan Krakatau adalah awalnya ada Gunung setinggi 152 meter yang dinamakan Krakatau kuno Karena ada letusan raksasa, selanjutnya menjadi pulau pulau kecil yang terlihat stabil Pulau pulau tersebut adalah Rakatta, Danan, dan Perboewatan.Evolusi Gunung Api Krakatau, menurut Francis 1985 dan Self Rampino 1981 Diperkirakan ada tiga letusan sebelum 1883 Letusan sebelumnya diduga pada Anno Domini AD416, 535, dan 1680 Sebelum letusan Agustus 1883, letusan sudah mulai terjadi sejak Bulan Mei 1883 Letusan tersebut merupakan pembuka bagi letusan dahsyat di tanggal 27 Agustus 1883 Dari tanggal 1 sampai 26 Agustus, letusan letusan menjadi semakin sering dan gunung mengeluarkan asap hitam Letusan dahsyat tersebut menenggelamkan dua pertiga Pulau, dan memunculkan anak Krakatau Selanjutnya, yang menjadi fokus pembahasan buku ini adalah letusan tahun 1883 Keberadaan telegraf yang ditemukan oleh Samuel Morse turut berperan penting dalam penyiaran berita Krakatau ke seluruh dunia Bukan kantor berita yang pertama kali mendapatkan berita ini, tetapi dari perusahaan pelayaran Lloyd s di Inggris Winchester menuliskan sejarah lahirnya telegraf di dunia perdagangan dan pemberitaan termasuk teknologi kabel bergetah perca yang digunakan untuk membentangkan kabel telegraf di bawah laut Berikut gambar jaringan telegraf pada waktu itu Dampak Letusan KrakatauBerbagai catatan dan rekaman ditulis untuk melaporkan peristiwa ini Winchester menyarikan beberapa catatan yang dianggap memiliki nilai informatif Ada 3 kapal Eropa yang berada di selat itu ketika peristiwa letusan terjadi Kapal Loudon dengan Kapten Lindeman Kapal pengangkut Garam dari Denmark, Marie Kapal pengangkut barang bernama Charles Bal dengan Kapten W.J Watson Catatan Kapten W.J tergolong lengkap Ia menuliskan kami terlingkupi dalam kegelapan yang mungkin bisa dirasakan, dan kemudian turun hujan lebat campuran lumpur, pasir, dan saya tidak tahu apa lagi h.288 Gambar berikut menunjukkan rute pelayaran yang dilakukan oleh Kapten W.J Wilson lihat garis merah Pada tahun 2006, BBC membuat dokudrama Krakatoa The Last Days , dokudrama tersebut dibuat berdasarkan catatan saksi mata, salah satunya adalah Kapten W.J Watson Cuplikan film tersebut dapat dilihat di sini Letusan Krakatau yang berdampak besar adalah pada bencana setelah gempa yaitu tsunami Untuk ukuran tahun 1883, dimana penduduk belum begitu banyak, jumlah 36.000 jiwa tewas adalah jumlah yang besar Apa saja dampak letusan Krakatau 1 Getaran keras yang terdengar pada kecepatan suara kira kira 1.085 dan 1.168 km jam, terdengar di 1 3 permukaan bumi Terdengar di Australia 3.540 km dan Rodriguez Island 4,653 km 2 Kegelapan di Selat Sunda 3 Tsunami setinggi kurang lebih 36 meter membunuh kira kira 36.000 jiwa.4 Hujan batu apung dan hujan abu di sekitar Krakatau yang mematikan vegetasi dan hewan hewan.5 Seorang wanita tersapu arus air tsunami di Panama 3.219 km dari Krakatau 6 Gelombang laut menghancurkan sebuah tambang kapal di Port Louis, Mauritus7 9 juta kilometer kubik abu vulkanik menyebar ke seluruh dunia8 Fenomena optis yang tidak biasa di atmosfer, langit diwarnai merah, kuning, lembayung oleh partikel abu vulkanik9 Debu vulkanik menutupi sinar matahari berakibat menyaring radiasi matahari ke bumi dan menyebabkan pendinginan global Temperatur bumi normal kembali setelah 5 tahun 1888.10 Berita utama The New York TimesTerrific detonations were heard yesterday evening from the volcanic island of Krakatoa They were audible at Soerkrata, on the island of Java The ashes from the volcano fell as far as Cheribon, and the flashes proceeding from it were visible in Batavia Dampak lain yang patut mendapat perhatian adalah dampak sosial Bencana kemanusiaan tersebut meninggalkan trauma serta kehilangan harta benda bagi masyarakat Namun, di daerah Anyer, orang orang tidak memedulikan bantuan pemerintah kolonial Belanda Ada semacam spiritualisme saat itu bahwa letusan krakatau adalah perlambang datangnya Ratu Adil Selama ini, masyarakat khususnya di daerah Banten tidak bersimpati pada pemerintah Belanda Muncul gerakan antibelanda pada akhir abad 19 Faktor faktor kemiskinan, tirani kolonial, imperialisme turut memicu gerakan tersebut Multatuli dengan Max Havelaar nya sudah menyindir pemimpin Belanda agar awas terhadap isu isu di atas Namun, bukannya sadar, para pemimpin tersebut semakin mabuk kekayaan yang diperas dari keringat rakyat Banten Letusan Krakatau menjadi pemicu perlawanan di Serang, di Cilegon, dan di tempat tempat lain terhadap kantor kantor pemerintah kolonial Dengan menyatakan perang Sahid, pasukan pemberontak maju melawan pasukan bersenjata modern Winchester mencatat letusan Krakatau sunguh sungguh membantu memicu gerakan politis dan religius yang membara dengan singkat dan ganas di Jawa, dan yang meninggalkan tanda yang tak terhapuskan dalam pemerintahan Hindia Timur h.442.Percakapan mengenai bencana alam tidak habis habisnya Ada yang memang sudah demikian siklusnya, ada yang disebabkan ulah manusia Krakatau menyisakan banyak cerita bagi generasi sekarang Will Durant berfilosofi seperti iniPeradaban ada karena persetujuan geologis, bisa berubah sewaktu waktu tanpa pemberitahuan terlebih dahuluBagaimana dengan kita apakah hanya pada kisah Krakatau ini saja Buku ini disusun dengan riset panjang Walau mungkin tidak memenuhi kualifikasi buku akademis, namun Winchester meramu berbagai buku buku referensi termasuk pengamatan fisik menjadi buku yang komprehensif Mulai dari sejarah, geologi, ornitologi, klimatologi, telegrafi, politik, sosial, serta fakta fakta historis disajikan dengan baik Winchester beruntung memiliki banyak rekan yang memberi banyak masukan dan bantuan dalam penulisan buku ini Adanya buku ini, turut menambah cara berpikir logis kita untuk menjawab Seandainya letusan seabad lalu terulang lagi, kemana dan bagaimana mengevakuasi penduduk yang padat di kawasan tersebut hws16062011 Update 26 12 2018 Eruption event and underwater landslide at Anak Krakatau occurred on December 23, 2018, killing over than 400 people and counting Pictures review Wow This has got to be the most out of topic OOT book I ve ever read It saddens me to only award it two stars I usually have a soft spot for nonfictions sigh Why on earth did I do that Some of my friends rated it five stars, after all Here s a glimpse of my train of thoughts while reading this book You ll see why.Beginning Yay, finally I get to read this book A nonfiction about something major happened in Indonesia, oh the excitement reading the first pages Hmm ok, spice trade.pepper.Dutch early occupation I already know most of the things here but obviously the author never intended this book only for Indonesians so okay lah But but now he s talking about map making what the I have a baaaad feeling about this book oh crap now he s blabbering about J.P Coen first VOC governor general hmm ok some of the factoids are insightful but if he s keeping this OOT streak.hmm now stories about living in the old Batavia I knew that.and that and that skipping where s the frickin Krakatau story OMG tell me he did not just drone on the Wallace line and his life story and continental drift theories for 60 pages Seriously 60 pages Couldn t he shorten it to 5 pages max Seven hells closing the book pissed Almost in the middle Now page 115 and I haven t read anything exciting about the eruption.ok now about living in the new Batavia Daendels.Rafles.Bogor.dance parties skip skip.Ahhh now he s finally talking about the earlier suspected eruptions of the volcano interesting speculations hmmm yeah this book is growing on me now.wait wait, why he s giving me a history lesson about Lloyd s insurance And the submarine telegraph cables I know they re relevant to the story but the sudden expositions in the middle of the main story is upsetting me Oh wonderful truly marvelous Mr Winchester, now you re yapping about the history of news agencies Reuters.throw me some bones here closing the book pissed Halfway Yikes it took halfway to the book to get to the real story Hmm ok.now I know the difference between volcanic and earthquake vibrations early warning system turned out to be quite ok reports from various sources including ships.LOL the Dutch was offering disaster tourism unique factoid with daredevils going to the islands, walking in calf deep ash to check out the craters while the volcanos were still preparing for the big bang and spewing smokes here and there..er what was with the elephant chapter So, apparently there was a circus troupe in Batavia a night before the kaboom and an elephant went panic The author for unknown reasons maybe he felt the need to give attractive title to his chapters made a chapter titled The Curious Case of the Terrified Elephant, 11 pages, but the elephant itself was only mentioned in the last 2 pages Kind of reflecting the content of the book itself, huh closing the book slightly pissed getting used to it by then The crack of doom Finally flexing my muscles now I m on page 209 The book has at least 384 pages..Whoa, great writing Great facts Quite gripping concentrating frowned at some facts nodding in satisfaction feeling good for the first time when reading the book Near the end Er.why Indonesian rebellion is discussed here Now, now Mr Winchester, you re giving the eruption too much credit skip skip Oh wow, a chapter about the Krakatau Jr This is a must read Uhuh Yessir This volcano is alive and kicking and close to me I hope I ll be long gone before it erupts again well, seven years after I wrote this review, deadly eruption has occurred Hmm wait..wait flipping back a few pages the book is over But but I only read something useful for about 150 pages does this copy has missing pages Am I dreaming scratching my head in utter confusion closing the book after realizing it wasn t a dream and no missing pages Final thoughts Well, ok if the author could only write 150 pages why not make the book of only 150 pages of the REAL BLOODY DEAL More than half of the book was about background stories, for Wallace s sake Why couldn t he write like Dava Sobel in her enchanting yet CONCISE account about the invention of longitude Longitude The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of his Time which is a far less sexy topic compared with a super volcanic eruption, I daresay.Reading this book is like going to the movies, expecting to watch a drama action movie, but interrupted with commercials and trailers on other movies even during some of the action scenes Sorry, I am a very busy book reader whose reading time is so valuable and hate to see it wasted Thank goodness I only borrowed this book putting it back on my boss shelf, kthxbye Krakatoa is a scientific history of the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa, a volcano located on a small island between Java and Sumatra in what is now Indonesia and what was then the Dutch East Indies Like all Simon Winchester books, this one takes a long, erratic detour over the course of a couple hundred pages before actually reaching the point That won t hinder your enjoyment of the book as long as you re not in a hurry, but I thought I should mention it.Winchester studied geology in college, and though he ended up working as a journalist, it s clear he s still passionate about the subject As a science writer, he s really excellent He explains the science behind volcanos, as well as the history of the study of plate tectonics, continental drift, and vulcanolgy This is the most interesting part of the book However, as a history writer, Winchester is, well, not so good He omits large parts of the story most notably, he barely mentions the actual Javanese and Sumatran people who lived in the area of Krakatoa until after the eruption itself He treats the history of the area as if it started and ended with European colonialism He draws specious conclusions without clear evidence For example, he tries to link the eruption of Krakatoa with rise of anti colonial sentiment at the end of the 19th century This may have some truth in it, but he completely ignores the fact that anti colonial movements in many part of the world increased during this time period If Krakatoa had anything to do with it, it certainly played a rather small part.The part that annoys me most no doubt because I am Muslim is that Winchester portrays the native religion, Islam, with inaccuracy and dismissiveness at best and pure offensiveness at worst He uses archaic terms such as Mohammedism and refers to things such as the Islamic Church and Islamic Priests Anyone with even a remote understanding of Islam knows that Mohammedism is an offensive and inaccurate term and there is no such thing as an Islamic church or a Muslim priest He tries to draw a connection between the eruption of Krakatoa and the rise of radical Islam though he seems to equate any serious practice of Islam such as going on Hajj, one of the five pillars with radical Islam He refers to the Indonesian people as converts to Islam rather than native practitioners Islam has been a widespread religion in Indonesia for 800 years By that standard, almost all Muslims are converts, along with most Christians I could go on, but I will refrain At times, I honestly felt like I was reading some colonial treatise from a hundred or two hundred years ago.To be fair, the chapter on Islam in Indonesia is just a small part of the book It may not be entirely fair of me to rate this book down based on just one chapter But then again, maybe I should judge Simon Winchester s work by his own standards when discussing a historian who wrote about previous eruptions of Krakatoa, he criticizes him for a few inaccuracies and consequently discounts his entire work.